TALLINN, Estonia: Put off by the Estonian government’s hawkish stance on Russia, many Russian speakers are expected to stay away from elections on Sunday even though they oppose the war in Ukraine.
Russian speakers, who make up a quarter of the population, are also concerned about the support of almost all the main parties for a new law for Estonian-only education in schools.
“A very big part of the Russian-speaking population of Estonia has definitely kept strong ties to Russia,” said Rein Toomla, a political expert from the Johan Skytte Institute.
“They experience painfully Estonia’s and the rest of the democratic world’s current policy towards Russia,” he said.
According to a recent survey by Kantar Emor, ahead of the election 35 percent of Russian-speaking voters were still undecided on whether to vote.
Estonia, which has a population of just 1.3 million, is a Baltic state which was part of the Soviet Union until 1991 and is now a member of the European Union and NATO.
According to the polls, the elections are set to be won by the Reform Party of Prime Minister Kaja Kallas, who has led international calls for increased military assistance to Ukraine.
In an interview with AFP last month, Kallas said that boosting Ukrainian forces was also helping to defend Estonia because “they are weakening the same enemy as we have”.
She said Russia should be held accountable for its crimes “to break the cycle of Russia attacking their neighbours”, calling it “the last imperialistic power… in the world”.
Diplomatic relations between Russia and Estonia, which also have an unresolved border dispute, have plunged.
In January, Russia expelled Estonia’s ambassador and Estonia responded by doing the same to the Russian ambassador.
Kallas’s approach is supported by most of the main parties with the exception of the far-right EKRE, which is second in the polls.
EKRE has called for a scaling down of military assistance to Ukraine in order not to antagonise Russia and for the Baltic state to stop taking in Ukrainian refugees.
The Kantar Emor survey showed the party had only 11 percent support among Russian-speaking voters.
The highest proportion — 45 percent — preferred the centre-left Centre Party, which promises to continue to offer bilingual school education in Estonian and Russian for those who want it.
Recent government moves such as the removal of all Soviet-era World War II monuments have also angered many in the Russian-speaking community.
But not all Russian speakers are disillusioned with politics.
Andrei, a 39-year-old programmer who declined to give his surname, said he would be voting for the Reform Party.
Prime Minister Kaja Kallas’s centre-right Reform Party is set to win, according to opinion polls, but would likely have to form a coalition to stay in power.
The party is expected to garner 28.7 percent of votes, according to a February survey by Kantar Emor that put the far-right EKRE in second place with 18.2.
The Baltic state, a member of the EU and NATO, has led international calls over the past year for more military aid to help Ukraine fight off Russia.
Estonia’s military assistance to Ukraine currently amounts to more than one percent of GDP — the biggest contribution of any country relative to the size of its economy.
At the same time, the cost-of-living crisis has spiralled in Estonia, with one of the EU’s highest inflation rates — 18.6 percent in January over 12 months earlier.